Wednesday | 17.1.2018 15:51 | Nameday: Nataša

Folk Architecture

Dolné Záhorie is part of the Moravian-Pannonian cultural area (Záhorie, south Moravia, Danube plain, part of Lower Austria and a large part of Hungary. The elements of architecture in these areas were similar. There were the borders of the Roman Empire and the centre of Great Moravia, which has from historical point of view great importance in the development of architecture as well. In the past, Záhorie was mainly inhabited by Croats and Hutturites from Germany. Skalica was the cultural center.

Houses are generally oriented to the street with shorter side, but sometimes they are built the longitudinal side to the street, especially in the northern parts of Záhorie. The properties are especially characteristic because they have no barns in the yards. They are located behind the village or in one common barn area (wooden, from bricks or a combined). The mountain villages are irregularly visible in Záhorie. There are indications that in the distant past, wooden houses were built, but architecture from Záhorie is now known for its developed mostly brick houses with saddle roofs and brick gables, which were sometimes influenced by baroque, what is typical for southern Moravia. Houses were in light blue or white color. They can be also identified by the brick ellipse, which protected and emphasized the entrance. The northern part of Záhorie as Myjava and its surroundings is known for so called "House with height".

Hutterite House is a special type of residential buildings in folk architecture in Slovakia, which German colonists Hutturites started to build in Záhorie.
Their houses are characteristic with residential attic, sometimes even three-storey houses. Big walls from mud brick bore timber construction of shield, in which were windows. The roof was designed for Slovakia atypically - straw was dipped into the clay and after putting on the roof it was re-lubricated with a layer of clay. The moss covered it after some time. The great advantage of such roofs was their flameproof.
One whole of Hutturite architecture has been preserved in a conservation area in Veľké Leváre.

Monument Reservation Hutterite Backyard
Hutterite backyard is monument reservation of folk architecture. It is situated on the southwestern edge of Veľké Leváre. The reservation is created from 22 original multi-storey buildings, built in the 17th – 19th century, located around the past square. Hutterite Craft Museum is in Izer house. It has two squares next to each other, on which the oldest and most important objects are situated. The access to the creek with the mill and grindery is from both sides of the square. Hutterites also had their own school, chapel and parsonage. The yard had over forty buildings at the time of the largest number of residents. Most of them remain up to now. Today, although the ancient look of backyard, is characterized by modernization. Straw roof was replaced with burnt tile roof; the facades of houses were changed, as well. However, even though the time is running, Hutterite backyard has not changed much over the past one hundred years.

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Rebuilding the railway station
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