Wednesday | 17.1.2018 15:58 | Nameday: Nataša

Partner: Malacky

Cadastral territory of Malacky is situated towards the centre of Záhorská nížina (Zahorie Lowland) on the bottom land and the terrace. According to the geomorphologic division of Slovakia, it is included in the Borská nížina (Borská Lowland) within the Záhorská nížina.

The territory is composed of two geomorphologically different areas. The western part is composed of wide shallow depression hollowed by erosion of streams in the area of terraces of Morava where the build-up area of the town, so called Záhorské pláňavy (Záhorská Wold) is situated. Záhorské pláňavy represent a fluvial-aeolian undulating plain with typical terraces of streams. Wetland depressions formed at places of depressions in the interdune areas. The eastern part is composed of cenozoic clay and sand of sea and lake origin with mostly quaternary drift-sand, less of the bottom land and bog sediments in the area of so called Bor. Bor has a character of an undulating plain composed of sand dunes and sand-hills. The Morava River flows on the west side of the town, Malé Karpaty (Little Carphatians) stretch on the east side of the town. The Malina (Rudavka) River, tributary river to the Morava River, flows from Malé Karpaty westwards to Malacky through Bor having a character of the bottom land with a typical fluvial plain.

Land area is situated in a warm climatic region in a warm, slightly dry zone with mild winter. The average annual temperature is above 9°C. The average tepmerature in January is -1°C and in July +20°C. The annual sum of precipitation is between 600 and 650mm. There are several fishponds, Marheček is the largest. The soil is brown, acid, forestal, gley to peaty-gley and flood-plain soil. The land area in the west is deforested, at other places there is a pine wood, oaks, alder trees and black locust trees. The area includes a dendrologically poor natural park on the area of 42ha which originated in the 19th century in place of the original planting from the mid 17th century. The fishpond and swamps are located northwards from the town.

The territory of Malacky is situated between 148m above the sea level at Jakubovský rybník (James’ Fishpond) through 190m above the sea level in the area of Orlovské vŕšky (Orlovske hillocks) to 217m above the sea level in the land area. Malacky is an important economic, administrative and cultural centre. The area of the town of Malacky represents 23,2km2 within the cadastral boundaries.

Geography – region

The Malacky District was established by the National Council of the Slovak Republic no. 221/1996 Coll. on territorial and administrative arrangement of the Slovak Republic which came into effect as of 24. 7. 1996. The cadastral territory of the Malacky District composes of two towns Malacky and Stupava and 24 municipalities: Borinka, Gajary, Jablonové, Jakubov, Kostolište, Kuchyňa, Láb, Lozorno, Malé Leváre, Mariánka, Pernek, Plavecké Podhradie, Plavecký Mikuláš, Plavecký Štvrtok, Rohožník, Sološnica, Studienka, Suchohrad, Veľké Leváre, Vysoká pri Morave, Záhorská Ves, Závod, Zohor, Military District Záhorie.

The total area of the district is 98 157.70ha. The territory of the district is flat, slightly undulated with an increasing height above sea level towards Malé Karpaty mountain range. The area went through a difficult geological development in the past. In terms of hydrology, the territory of Záhorská nížina (Zahorska Lowland) and the western slopes of Malé Karpaty (Little Carpathians) belong to the river-basin of the Morava River that flows into the Danube River near Devin.

The Malacky District unfolds in the area of the western Slovakia approximately 26km from Bratislava. The western boundary of the district is created by the Morava River that also creates a natural state boundary with Austria. The Malacky District borders with the Senica District in the north, with the Pezinok District in the south-east and the Malé Karpaty mountain range creates a natural boundary here. The southern part of the district is bordered with the territory of the capital city of Slovak Republic – Bratislava. The larger portion of the district’s territory is occupied by Záhorská nížina which is a part of Viedenská kotlina (Vienna basin). The Malé Karpaty mountin range situated eastward from Záhorská nížina is composed of crytalline rock. Borinský kras (Borinsky Karst) and Plavecký kras (Plavecky Karst) with caves are situated on the Záhorian side of the Little Carpathians.

Population development of the town of Malacky has achieved a continual growth since the beginning of the 19th century when the number of citizens increased almost eightfold. Since 1900, the number increased 3,5 times. The largest growth was in the 70’s and 80’s of the 20th century when the population increased by 37%, similarly as in the 20’s of the 20th century. The growth in the 50’s represented an increase by 25%.

Development of the number of citizens was influenced by various economic crises and waves of the economic growth. The most important effect represented the support of the housing projects after 1970. Stabilization of the population in the territory of the town of Malacky was supported by a large economic foundation, large potential of services, sufficiency of job opportunities and qualified occupations, accessibility of schools and proximity of Bratislava with large economic potential.

Number of citizens of Malacky between 1960 and 2001 increased by 8123 citizens, i.e. by 84,2%. Since the postwar year 1948, the number of the citizens increased by 131%. During the last 10 years, the number of citizens increased by approximately 330. Growth of population in the last 15 years was moderate whereas share of the town of Malacky in the number of citizens of the Bratislava region has not changed for the past 4 years. Population of the town of Malacky represent 3% share in the population of the region.

In terms of residential density, the town represents high residential concentration reaching 769 citizens per km2 in 2005. In 2005, 603699 citizens lived in the region with the residential density of 294 citizens per km2; in the district of Malacky, 66353 citizens with the residential density of 70 citizens per km2.

The average age

The average age of the citizens of the town attained is approximately 36 years which signifies that the town of Malacky is relatively younger in comparison to its neighborhood.

History

The first historical trace about Malacky dates back to 1206 when the magnates Sebuš and Alexander from Svätý Jur and Pezinok acquired, in addition to other municipalities and regions, also the land area called Malucha.
The original title of Malacky is uncertain. There are about four alternatives for explanation. Throughout a number of books there is a prevailing fact the Malacky and Záhorie kept their Slovakian awareness despite the fact that they were bested by Austria on one side and Magyarization tendencies penetrated the region from the south.
During this period, the Ugrian king Andras II started to divide the bordering uninhabited territory „konfinium“ into lots for its loyal magnates who helped him in times of war. A settlement, perhaps just a few huts – or semi-dugouts called „the settlement by the Malinsky Stream – in old documents Maliscapotoca“ was based here.
In the same year, Andras II presented a portion of the border area to his loyal vassal Alexander from the Hont-Poznan family line where the property (praedium) Cheturtukchyel (Četurtükhel-Štvrtok) was situated. Marks defining the territory of the donated county were provided in the deed of donation. One of these marks was the above mentioned „settlement by the Malinsky Stream Maliscapotoca“. Andras II presented Alexander with another piece of land based on the deed of donation as of 1231 that related to the previous territory which was presented to him and was called Malučká-Maluchka. This title became the title of the settlement by the Malinsky Stream. Gajary and Kostolište were probably also a part of the newly presented territory.
The settlement Malučká over time developed into a centre that was able to compete with Štvrtok, which was at that time already a subject to toll, and was a settlement with the right to three markets. The territory slowly populated. Among the newly established settlements, the old settlement by the Malinský Stream began to dominate, and over time the title Malaczka - Malatzka – Malacky naturalized.

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